1. Library vs. Framework
Let us get the terminology clear before we dive into discussing the features and practical uses of the frameworks in question. Some developers use these terms ‘library’ and ‘framework’ interchangeably, but they’re actually different. A Library is a collection of reusable code that is used to solve common problems.
There are various libraries out there for addressing different problems. For example, we have libraries for performing mathematical calculations. We also have libraries for machine learning, and so on. A framework provides us with a lot of reusable code, just like a library, but it also gives us a structure or a skeleton for application development.
So when using a framework, we have to build our application according to that framework. Frameworks have opinions in terms of how we should structure our applications, how the application should get started, how various components should interact with each other, and so on.
2. Why Use Frameworks and Libraries?
Angular and Vue are both examples of popular frameworks for building front-end applications. One of the questions we get most often is,
The answer is, “Yes, you certainly can.” But that would be a waste of time. Here is the reason. Imagine you want to build a desk. Would you buy pieces of wood and put them together? Or you’d prefer to go to the forest and cut the trees first to get wood? There’s no reason to cut the trees, of course, when there is plenty of wood ready for you to reuse.
We use frameworks and libraries to maximize our productivity and speed up the web development process. There’s a lot of code that’s tested and ready for us to reuse.
3. Vue.js vs. Angular: Popularity
Vue and Angular are among the top tools used for building web apps these days. But which of the two participating in the Vue vs. Angular duel is better? Let’s find out right now.
We suggest that you look at the results of this StackOverflow developer server in 2019. Here’s the list of the most loved web frameworks.
As you may see, the winner is React, which we’re not going to discuss in this article. But it was closely followed by Vue.js last year, and Angular seems to be losing its popularity compared with 2018.
Still, when it comes to large businesses, Angular is definitely a favorite here. It’s used not only by Google but also by other big companies like Nike, Lego, and The Guardian.
Notwithstanding its being extremely popular with developers, Vue is somewhat neglected by large corporations. Still, it’s gradually picking up and being adopted by more and more companies. Now small businesses like GitLab, Repro, and 9Gag use Vue to create their project, and chances are other companies will soon follow their example.
4. Angular vs. Vue: History
Now that you know which of the two frameworks is more popular with developers, it’s about time we took a quick look at their history.
Angular is one of the oldest frameworks. It’s developed by Google and was initially released almost ten years ago. Until 2016, it used to be called Angular.js.
In 2016, the Angular team released Angular 2, which boasted lots of improvements, including the support for Ng Modules. But, in fact, the second version had nothing in common with Angular.js. It’s possible to state that it was a completely new framework. So, to reduce confusion, the Angular team decided to drop the “js” from the original name, and they called the new framework “Angular.” This made a lot of developers unhappy. Their apps, which were developed with Angular.js, had to be rebuilt using the new version. Also, over the last three years, there have been several other releases, including Angular 4 that came out in 2017.
Unlike Angular, Vue wasn’t created by a huge tech company. It was designed by an ex-Google employee six years ago. Presently, it’s maintained by a group of enthusiasts. Even though it’s a new tool, it has gained a lot of popularity over the past couple of years.
5. Angular vs. Vue: Characteristics
As you know, Angular is not just about creating and rendering components. Though it has components too and also follows a components-driven approach, Angular has earned the reputation as a complete framework or even platform. It boasts a rich set of tools that help you with developing modern web apps.
All these tools you need for very large apps ship as part of Angular developed by the Angular team. So, you don’t even need to rely on some third-party vendors. Additionally, it uses the native API, HTML templates for the components, and CSS, which you can easily add if need be. On the downside, it uses Typescript as a language, which is pretty hard to master.
Just like Angular, Vue is a complete solution. Though Vue boasts fewer features than its counterpart, it’s widely used for building UI components on the web application market. It also has routing and state management solution courtesy of the Vue team. Similar to Angular, it uses native API, HTML templates, and CSS. As you see, Vue is quite similar to Angular, especially from the syntax perspective.
6. Angular vs. Vue: Learning Curve
Well, Angular has always been famous for having a steep learning curve because it’s a full-blown framework. In contract, because Vue is not a complete solution, it has fewer concepts that you need to learn and understand and less complicated syntax. We would say, learning Vue requires a considerably smaller amount of time and effort that its counterpart.
So, if you’re starting out, we would say – start with Vue. Moreover, it gives you tons more job opportunities Once you learn Vue, if you want to expand your career options or just curious, you can proceed to master Angular.
7. Angular vs. Vue: Performance
We can rightly note that both Vue and Angular offer pretty good performance to users. They might differ on your machine or your exact requirements, or in your web app, of course. But, in general, both tools are darn fast and efficient.
One thing to note, though… According to the benchmark test run on the frameworks in question, Angular was found a bit slower. Still, this is hardly surprising, since Angular ships with a pretty big codebase. Consequently, the apps you create with this tool are more heavy and unwieldy. Hopefully, this will drastically become better in the future versions (Angular 7 and higher), where Angular will use a more improved renderer leading to a smaller codebase.