Keeping your WordPress installation up to date is crucial for security purposes. However, manually updating your WordPress installation using FTP can be risky. If someone gains access to your database, they would also have access to your entire server. To help mitigate this risk, there are various methods you can use to update WordPress securely.
Table of Contents
To begin, you can make changes to the
wp-config.php file by adding the following constants. This will prevent the database from storing sensitive information, reduce its size, and improve overall site performance.
define('FTP_HOST', 'ftp.example.org'); define('FTP_USER', 'username'); define('FTP_PASS', 'password');
Enhance your connection’s security by adding the following line in your
This setting enables a secure and reliable connection between your WordPress installation and the FTP server.
If your WordPress installation is not located in the root directory of your FTP server, you can define its location using the following constant:
Additionally, if you have moved the plugin directory or any other content folders, you can specify their full paths using these constants:
define('FTP_CONTENT_DIR', '/path/to/wordpress/wp-content/'); define('FTP_PLUGIN_DIR', '/path/to/wordpress/wp-content/plugins/');
You can adjust the method WordPress uses for the file system by changing the following constant. By default, the value is set to
The available options for
'direct'(default) – PHP file system functions
'ssh'– SSH PHP Extension
'ftpext'– FTP PHP Extension
'ftpsockets'– PHP socket extension
If you’re using the SSH method, you can specify the paths to the SSH public and private keys using the constants
Deleting Existing Data
If you have previously stored FTP data in your WordPress database, you can delete it by following these steps:
- After logging into your WordPress admin panel, navigate to
- On the options page, search for the entry
_ftp_credentials_. If present, the value should be hidden.
- Remove the value in the
- Scroll to the bottom of the page and click “Save”.
Please exercise caution when performing this step, as there is a potential risk of breaking your website.
By following these recommendations, you can ensure a secure and smooth process for updating your WordPress installation.